Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Based on a classification by the Global Assessment of the Status of Human-Induced Soil Degradation, 1990 (GLASOD), about 70% of the country’s land area has been degraded with soil erosion as the dominant forms of land degradation in the Philippines. Soil erosion appears to be the most widespread process of soil degradation and is also the most studied. The The paper reviews the available information on soil degradation which is a major agricultural and environmental problem in the Philippines. Relevant Legislations Addressing the Underlying Factors Causing Massive Land Degradation in the Philippines 60 ANNEX 2. Moreover, money for logging supported candidates during election campaigns.” In the past, forest resources helped fuel the country’s economy. Here are 3 possible reasons towards LAND DEGRADATION in the Philippines: Intensive Logging; Is the constant cutting of trees without planting new ones. The forest land has around 2.9 M ha; 3.6 M ha. erosion and land degradation have occurred), but the Philippines has a comparatively favorable soil base for a country in the humid tropics. are in shrub land/grasslands; 4.4 M ha are in the crop land category and 169,276 are in wetlands. Some even sold their rights to the forest concessions and lived off the green of the land. In the 1970s, Philippines was touted the prima donna among world timber exporters. Land degradation in the Philippines is likewise seen as a serious environmental problem. Climatic Types Affecting Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao Islands 62 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 64 GLOSSARY OF TERMS 67 REFERENCES Soil conservation farming to arrest land degradation, BSWM-JICA Land degradation, exacerbating climate change and biodiversity loss makes adaptation imperative. Land Use In the Philippines today, about half the land is classified as alienable and disposable. They lived in the big cities. Agricultural practices and economic pressures have severely degraded the agricultural resource base, causing accelerated soil erosion, siltation of irrigation systems, flooding, and water pollution (Briones 2005). GENEVA, 30 August 2013 - UNISDR Champion, Senator Loren Legarda, today announced she is proposing new legislation to tackle the problem of land degradation in the Philippines which is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. The effects of intensive logging is the loss of natural habitat, heavy floods, less oxygen, decline of rural areas, loss of soil fertility, decline of agricultural productivity and etc. Soil degradation will impact two … Strip mining is a type of surface mining where the overlying vegetation, rock, and soil (overburden) is removed in order to reach the underlying coal seam, which usually lies a few feet beneath the surface. Soil degradation, climate change, heavy tropical monsoonal rain and pests are some of the challenges the young farmers face. Land Degradation (LD) Trends: Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting Program (LDN -TSP) – UNCCD; About 11.13 M ha or 37% were mapped as having negative trends with respect to the three indicators. Efforts in the Philippines to sustain its local food and other development requirements are affected by land degradation brought about by inadequate land use policies, inappropriate land use and farming technologies, inadequate extension systems, and global trading and economic partnerships. Forest land currently covers ≈25.5% of total land; total degraded lands in the Philippines are estimated at 132,275km2, affecting over 33 million Filipinos. 5 Land Cover Change of the Philippines 3 6 6 Land Degradation Trends in Terms of Land Cover and Land Productivity Dynamics 3 7 7 Soil Organic Carbon Map of the Philippines 3 8 8 Positive trends on Land Degradation Neutrality in the Philippines 3 8 9 A Synopsis of LDN trends based on LDN -TSP outputs 4 … It is a serious environmental problem. (Briones, 2009) Category and 169,276 are in wetlands are some of the land is classified as alienable and disposable soil which! 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